Pharmaceutical bottle caps or closures are used to protect a product during production, carriage, and display until the product is consumed by the end-user. The ones used in the pharmacy are composed (in substantial portion or the whole amount) of plastic materials that contain pharmaceutical formulations.
They must be economical and also provide protection against physical, mechanical and chemical hazards, climatic or biological conditions that could lead to or cause product deterioration.
The following are the qualities of good pharmaceutical bottle caps:
There are many different types of bottle caps which all perform different functions. Some common types of closures include:
To know what type of pharmaceutical bottle cap is suitable for your product, you first need to know the types of packaging materials. Basically, there are primary and secondary packages.
|Glass||Primary||Ampoule, metric medical bottle, vial|
|Cardboard||Secondary||Box to contain primary package|
|Plastic||Primary||Dropper bottle, vial, infusion fluid container, ampoule|
|Paper||Secondary||Patients information leaflet, labels|
|Cardboard||Secondary||Box to contain primary pack|
However, pharmaceutical bottle caps are commonly used (over glass containers) as packaging materials for most types of pharmaceutical dosage forms due to the several advantages they possess. For one, plastics ensure adequate stability of the product throughout the shelf life.
The functions of pharmaceutical bottle cap packaging include:
How do you know what sort of bottle cap to use? It is essential to consider the following factors before selecting the packaging material for your product.
What kind of product are you manufacturing? You must consider the following during your findings:
The market channel is very important as well.
Questions on where, when, how and whom it is to be administered to or used by (e.g. doctors, nurses, dentists, patients, etc.) should be considered before packaging.
How will the product be distributed? Is it via wholesale/retail dealership or direct sales?
Are you using modern transport systems like vehicles, trucks or motorcycles to transport products or less sophisticated transport systems like camels?
Note that the latter requires additional protection in the absence of intermediate storage facilities. The distribution system should be carefully examined.
The reliability of the pharmaceutical packaging supplier should be considered.
The best pharmaceutical packaging suppliers should have extensive experience in this field and a high level of competency.
MH Multipack Sdn Bhd, the first and only Malaysia professional SMART packaging manufacturer, provides one-stop solutions in Smart Packaging System compatible with Industry 4.0, including systems that utilize bottle capping machines.
We are the expert in manufacturing fully automatic SMART complete filling line for liquids and powder in any bottling forms. For further information, please feel free to get in touch with our friendly and professional specialists.